Oodnadatta, South Australia

An Antipodean travel company serving world travellers since 1983

William Creek, SA

Oodnadatta, South Australia

Oodnadatta is a small and remote town in the South Australian outback with a big history as a trading stop and railway town.

The name Oodnadatta is likely an adaptation of an Arrernte word utnadata meaning ‘blossom of the malga’. Prior to European settlement, the area around Oodnadatta was inhabited by the Arabunna people. The town was part of a network of Aboriginal trading routes existing for tens of thousands of years, as traders followed a path leading from spring to spring, enabling them to cross the harsh desert landscape.


The first settler to reach the area was John McDowell Stuart, the first European to make the journey from north to south across the Australian continent. Stuart followed the Aboriginal trading route, allowing him to successfully travel through the desert where other explorers had failed.

In the 1870s, the Aboriginal trading route used by Stuart was used to establish the Australian Overland Telegraph Line, connecting Port Augusta with Darwin, thus allowing Australia (through Java) fast connection with the rest of the world. Completed in 1872, the cable is regarded as one of the great feats of 19th century engineering and possibly the most significant milestone in Australia’s telegraphic history.

By the 1880s, the telegraph route was being used by camel trains, led by ‘Afghan’ cameleers (commonly known as ‘Ghans’) – who actually originated from all over British India, as well as Afghanistan, Iran, Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey – who were hired by settlers to haul goods into central Australia. Though many ‘Ghans’ returned to their homelands in the early 20th century, a number settled in the area, often marrying Aboriginal women. Many Oodnadatta locals can trace their heritage back to the ‘Ghans’.

Chameleers with visitors, c. 1891

In the 1880s, Oodnadatta was identified as a proposed terminus for an extension of the Great Northern Railway. When the railway was built, a town was established here, proclaimed in 1890. Though the Great Northern was extended to Alice Springs in 1929, Oodnadatta remained an important government service centre.

In 1981, the Great Northern Railway line was closed, with ‘The Ghan’ – named in honour of the ‘Afghan’ cameleers – opening up to the west of the town. Since then Oodnadatta has declined in population. Today it has a population of 204, over half of whom are Aboriginal. The main industry in the town is now tourism, thanks to travellers who follow along the traditional trading route of the Oodnadatta Track.

Things to see include the Railway Museum, which seems to be unstaffed – to get in,  you’ll have to pick up a key from the nearby Pink Roadhouse! The Museum contains a series of interesting photographs chronicling the history of the area, local Aboriginal artefacts, and insight into the geology of the region.

The unsealed Oodnadatta track, passing through the Outback from Maree in the south-east to Marla in the north-west is popular with tourists. Passing along the quintessential red sands of the Australian desert, you’ll be able to see remnants of the old railway and telegraph trail. Watch for the quirky Alberrie/Mutonia Sculpture Park, a collection of huge sculptures created in the desert by Robin Cooke, a local mechanic turned outsider artist. Made out of discarded metal, sculptures portray a giant ragweed, dogs, planes, and robots.

Oodnadatta Track.
The vast empty spaces of the Oodnadatta Track.

If you’re interested in learning more about the South Australian outback, consider joining Odyssey Traveller’s Tour of the Flinders Ranges. Our tour begins in Adelaide, before heading to historic Port Augusta on the Spencer Gulf, where the sea meats the outback. We then head to the quirky opal mining settlement of Coober Pedy.  From Coober Pedy we head to Lake Eyre National Park, taking a scenic flight to marvel at the scale of Lake Eyre.

From Lake Eyre, our trip heads south through the iconic Flinders Ranges. In the Northern Flinders Ranges, we visit the Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary. We then head into the main Ikara Flinders National Park. In Ikara Flinders we visit Wilpena Pound, a natural amphitheatre of mountains regarded as sacred to the local Adnyamathanha people. We also learn about the geology of the area on the Brachina Gorge Geology Trail. This walk may also give you the opportunity to see the elusive yellow-footed rock-wallaby! The Flinders Ranges National Park features a number of stunning gorges, including Bunyeroo Gorge, Parachilna Gorge (near the historic Prairie Hotel), and Alligator Gorge, in the Southern Flinders.

Finally, we pass through the Southern Flinders Ranges on our way back to Adelaide, where we have a final night’s accommodation. While our tour ends here, we encourage you to spend a couple of extra nights to explore the Adelaide region: including Kangaroo Island, the Fleurieu Peninsula, and the wine growing regions of the Barossa Valley and McLaren Vale, which have given South Australia its global reputation for wine.

If you’re interested in visiting South Australia’s Flinders Ranges, why not join an Odyssey Tour? We have been serving mature and senior travellers since 1983. While we take you to the major sights – Wilpena Pound, Coober Pedy, and the Flinders Range– we also pride ourselves on getting off the beaten track, and taking the time to learn about our destinations. On our trip, we explore the rich Aboriginal heritage of the Flinders Ranges, and visit a number of sites of ancient Aboriginal art on walking trails through the park. We also explore the settler history of the region at Old Wilpena Station.

If our tours interest you, click here for more information.

Articles about Australia published by Odyssey Traveller:

For all the articles Odyssey Traveller has published for mature aged and senior travellers, click through on this link.

External articles to assist you on your visit to the Flinders Ranges and South Australia: 

Related Tours

Dingo, Oodnadatta Track

Small group tour of Australia's Flinders range

Escorted small group tour of the Flinders range in South Australia from Adelaide. Learn about Coober Pedy, Wilpena pound and water system of Lake Eyre as we explore and learn also about the history of the people who explored the Flinders.

Departing Sep, Oct, Feb, Mar, Apr, Jul, Aug

Small group holidays to Adelaide and surrounds

Explore and learn about on a small group tour of   Adelaide city and its pastoral, cultural and historic settlement. Visit Fleurieu Peninsula, the Barossa valley, learn about William Morris and the arts and craft movement in the Art gallery and National trust houses.

Departing Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Feb, Mar, Apr, May
Bungle Bungles

Small group tour of Australia's Kimberley

Escorted small group tour of the Kimberley. We explore and visit Cape Leveque, The Bungles, Bell Gorge, Mitchell plateau & Halls Creek in the dry season. Amazing landscapes intertwined with Aboriginal communities resident for some 45,000 years. We also view the Wolfe Creek meteorite crater.

Departing May, Jun, Aug, Sep