The Strzelecki Track, South Australia

Strzelecki, made a significant impression on Central, Southern and Eastern Australia for such a short visit. This article continues on that theme, importantly this desert is part of a small group tour for mature and senior travellers that starts and finishes in Broken hill. Just 12 participants, a program suitable for couples and singles. This link shows the portfolio of tours offered in Australia.

10 Dec 20 · 7 mins read

The Strzelecki Track, South Australia

Passing through a remote and timeless landscape, packed with historical sites, the Strzelecki Track is one of Australia ‘s great outback adventures for road users or those with a passion for the history of outback communities .

The Strzelecki Track was given its rather unusual name by the explorer Charles Sturt in 1845, after the Polish explorer and scientist Paul Edmund de Strzelecki . Strzelecki, a Polish noble (often erroneously referred to as ‘Count’) and self-taught geologist, had been the first European to ascend Australia ‘s highest peak in 1839, naming it Mount Kosciuszko in honour of the Polish democrat and nationalist, Tadeusz Kosciuszko .

Sturt was on the last legs of his ill-fated quest to find the ‘inland sea’, when he stumbled across the life-saving waters of the ephemeral Strzelecki Creek. He followed it north, and discovered the more permanent waters of Cooper Creek, enabling him to survive in the remote desert.

Fifteen years later, the route was used by another exploration party: the ill-fated Burke and Wills . Burke, Wills, and John King would passed through as part of their last surge from Cooper Creek to Mount Hopeless, dying on the Cooper Creekbed from exhaustion and dehydration in 1861.

Burke and Wills
George Washington Lambert, Burke and Wills on the way to Mount Hopeless, 1901.

The old Strzelecki Track became famous thanks to the exploits of cattle thief and expert bushman Harry Readford, later known as ‘Captain Starlight’. In the early days of settlement, ‘ cattle -duffing’ (or stealing) was a common way of stocking a new station with cattle . But Readford had bigger and better plans. In 1870, he stole 1200 head of cattle from Bowen Downs Station, 130 kilometres north of Longreach, and drove the stolen cattle south over 1000 kilometres, to Hill Hill Station, South Australia where he traded a distinctive white bull and two other cows for provisions. He then headed slightly further south to Blanchewater Station, where he sold the mob to pastoralists for about £5000 – $860, 000 in today’s money.

Never before had such a large group of cattle been driven so far through Australia‘s arid centre. The feat is made all the more impressive when you compare it to Burke and Wills’s failed journey , which had come to a tragic end in the same territory, just nine years before. The difference was that Readford communicated with and listened to Aboriginal people , allowing him to progress through the desert relatively easily.

However, the distinctive white bull was recognised, leading to Readford’s arrest. Brought back to face justice in a court in Roma, Queensland in 1871, he was acquitted – despite overwhelming evidence – by a jury, thanks to their admiration of his feat! The verdict so outraged Queensland ‘s legal establishment that the people of Roma had their jury duties revoked, for fear that they would refuse to indict criminals that they admired. Readford became an Australian folk-hero, setting up as a law-abiding station owner and drover in the Northern Territory .

Wildflowers in the Strzelecki Desert

From the 1870s until about 1930, the grand Strzelecki Track was in regular usage, an imporatant part of the infrastructure Australia needed to service the region’s large sheep and cattle holdings and the small settlement of Innamincka. Lacking the reliable, government-sunk artesian bores of the Birdsville Track , the Strzelecki Track was always considered hazardous, and could be closed for years at a time if water sources dried up during drought.

In the 1930s, the stock-route days came to an end, and the track fell into disrepair. The discovery of natural gas in the Cooper Basin and 1959 and oil in 1970 revived the area. Santos built the giant Moomba gas field and processing facility in 1969, which continues to bring considerable traffic along this unsealed road route.

Highlights of the Strzelecki Track:

Beginning in Lyndhurst, the Strzelecki Track heads north-east, passing over plains fringed by the lavender shadows of the northern Flinders Range. At Mount Hopeless, the track turns north, heading into the vast Strzelecki Desert, rolling waves of sand dunes of pink and red, punctuated by colourful wildflowers in the spring. Finally, the track comes to an end at Innamincka, near the remote South Australia/Queensland border.

The first point, Lyndhurst, is often regarded as the gateway to the outback. A sealed road links the town with Adelaide, while a dirt track heads north to Marree and the Birdsville and Oodnadatta Tracks, and the Strzelecki Track heads off to the east. For decades, the town‘s Central Australian Railway link supplied the camel trains that serviced the remote stations to the north.

Ochre Cliffs
Ochre Cliffs, near Lyndhurst.

Five kilometres north of the town you’ll find the Ochre Cliffs, a quarry that was once worked by local Aboriginal people. Ochre from this area was traded north to the Northern Territory and the Gulf of Carpentaria and south to the coast. The cliffs – a desert mirage of red, yellow, white and brown – are now protected under the Aboriginal Heritage Act 1988.

Soon after leaving town, you’ll encounter historic Mount Lyndhurst Station, a 3500 square kilometre sheep and cattle station. Established 1869, Mount Lyndhurst once employed 80 people full-time, including 54 blade-shearers working in the 12-stand stone woolshed.

The next major point of interest are the sandstone ruins of Blanchewater Station, once famous for producing horses for Cobb and Co. and the Indian Army. In 1860, Blanchewater was the northern-most station in Australia, and it was here that Burke and Wills were trying to reach on their journey across the Strzelecki Desert. Just north, you’ll see the ruins of Hill Hill Station, where cattle thief Harry Readford traded three bulls for provisions at the end of his journey.

After this, you’ll push through the Cooper Desert, with stark eroded forms due to rabbit plagues and heavy stocking in the late 19th century of pastoralists. On the other side of the desert, you’ll pass Moomba, the oil worker’s town run by Santos. Entry is restricted to the Moomba gas field, but you can look out over the town from Merty Merty.

An alternative route, known as the ‘Old’ Strzelecki Track, branches off at Merty Merty and winds across the Strzelecki Creek flood plain. Coolabahs growing on the flanks of sand ridges show just how deep this country can go under water after a good flood – incredible given the aridity of the land here. Here you also have the option of progressing to Cameron Corner, where the borders of Queensland, New South Wales, and South Australia meet.

The ‘Dig’ Tree on Cooper Creek, where Burke and Wills left their last carving.

Finally, the Strzelecki Track ends at the town of Innamincka (population: 44), which is little more than a pub, general store, fuel pumps, and an air strip.

The area surrounding town is famed for its connections to the tragic story of Burke and Wills. Head to the original graves of Burke and Wills, King’s Marker (where John King was found by Alfred Howitt’s party), and the Dig Tree, just over the Queensland border, where Burke and Wills carved an ill-fated message into a tree to communicate with the rest of their team.

Though not technically part of the track, Coongie Lakes National Park, to the north-west of Innamincka, is a must-see spot. Braiding off from Cooper Creek (and relying on its occasional flooding to fill), the 25 sq. km Coongie Lakes system are a shallow sheet of lakes, lined with river red gum, coolibah, and red azola. The lakes are virtually the only permanent freshwater expanse in the 5 million sq. km of Australia‘s red centre. The lake system is a RAMSAR-listed Wetland of International Importance, home to 183 bird, 18 marsupial, 11 fish, and 32 territorial reptile species.

Nearby Cooper Creek was the traditional home of the Yawarawarrka people, who have long found sustenance in the water here, fishing for yellowbelly, eating padlu beans, and cooking the ground roots of the ngardu plant as damper. Callamurra Waterhole – Australia‘s largest billabong – is home to Panaremitee pictograms, some of the oldest Aboriginal rock art. The waterhole is an important archaeological site, which includes artefacts, graves, stone scatters, middens, and ceremonial sites.

Bird - Coongie Lake
Coongie Lake is part of a RAMSAR-listed wetland of international importance thanks to its bird and reptile life.

Odyssey Traveller takes on the Strzelecki Track as part of our tour of the outback, Broken Hill to Broken Hill. Beginning in the quirky Silver City and ‘capital of the outback‘, Broken Hill, this tour takes you through the remote territory where Queensland, New South Wales, and South Australia meet. Accompanied by an expert tour guide/tour operator, our outback adventure takes us through the heart of Australia‘s red centre, under a spectacular night sky.

For the itinerary and more information on this outback Australia tour, please click here.

Odyssey Traveller has been bringing Australian travellers to the world since 1983: now, we have shifted our emphasis toward exploring Australia, allowing you to see your own country in a new light. We are now offering a number of tours of the Australian outback, including our Flinders Range outback experience; our journey through the ‘Top End’, including Kakadu, Arnhem Land, and Litchfield National Park; a guided tour of outback Queensland; a trip through the Kimberley, Western Australia; and a tour devoted to Aboriginal heritage sites in Victoria, New South Wales, and South Australia.

Those keen to travel Australia may also be interested in our tour of Marvellous Melbourne and our trip devoted to the convict history of Tasmania.

Coongie Lake
Coongie Lake, South Australia.

Articles about Australia published by Odyssey Traveller:

For all the articles Odyssey Traveller has published for mature aged and senior travellers, click through on this link.

External articles to assist you on your visit to Australia:

Selected small group package tours of Australia

Kanku-Breakaways Conservation Park, Coober Pedy

14 days

Feb, Apr, Jun, Jul, Sep +2

Small group tour; Broken Hill and back

Visiting New South Wales, Queensland

Small group tour of New South Wales, Queensland & South Australia deserts, from Broken Hill. Learn about the history of the people who explored the deserts, from indigenous communities to Europeans, as well as Burke and Wills, visit White Cliffs, Birdsville, Maree.

From A$10,250 AUD

View Tour
Dingo, Oodnadatta Track

19 days

Apr, May, Jul, Aug, Oct +2

Small group tour of Australia's Flinders ranges

Visiting South Australia

Escorted small group tour of the Flinders range in South Australia from Adelaide. Learn about Coober Pedy, Wilpena pound and water system of Lake Eyre as we explore and learn also about the history of the people who explored the Flinders.

From A$13,750 AUD

View Tour
Mungo National Park

17 days

Mar, May, Aug, Sep, Oct +2

Escorted small group tour of World Heritage sites and more in the Southern States 

Visiting New South Wales, South Australia

Discover the World Heritage Sites of the southern states of Australia travelling in a small group tour. A journey of learning around the southern edges of the Murray Darling basin and up to the upper southern part of this complex river basin north of Mildura. We start and end in Adelaide, stopping in Broken Hill, Mungo National Park and other significant locations.

From A$10,350 AUD

View Tour
Birdsville Track

65 days

Mar, Jun, Aug

Long tour of Australia for a small group

Visiting New South Wales, Northern Territory

Small group tour for senior couples and solo travellers touring Australia. Travelling through the outback and visiting many of the famous sights as well as off the beaten track locations. Learn about the history of the people who explored the deserts, from indigenous communities to Europeans, as well as Burke and Wills, visit White Cliffs, Marree and far north Kakadu and the Kimberley.

From A$38,910 AUD

View Tour
Kanku-Breakaways Conservation Park, Coober Pedy

13 days

Feb, Apr, May, Jun, Jul +3

Small group Motorcycle tours; Broken Hill and back

Visiting New South Wales, Queensland

Small group tour of New South Wales, Queensland & South Australia deserts, from Broken Hill. Learn about the history of the people who explored the deserts, from indigenous communities to Europeans, as well as Burke and Wills, visit White Cliffs, Birdsville, Marree. Explore the outback by motorbike limited to 8 riders.

From A$7,350 AUD

View Tour
Lightening ridge NSW

15 days

Mar, Apr, May, Jul, Aug +2

Small group tour of outback Queensland

Visiting New South Wales, Queensland

To Dubbo and back, this small group tour takes you to learn about the Brewarrina fish traps, we travel high up into North Queensland to see the Dinosaurs of Winton and incredible Aboriginal rock art at Cathedral gorge and learn about opal mining and the history of Lightning ridge.

From A$9,350 AUD

View Tour

Articles about Australia

Birdsville Track

Birdsville and the Birdsville Track, Queensland

An icon of the Australian Outback. See and learn about the history of the outback both British settlement and aboriginal history out in the heat of the Australian desert! Small group package tours for mature and senior travellers couples for singles show you this often harsh environment full of stories.

14 May 20 · 5 mins read
Read Article

Expeditions of John McDouall Stuart in the Flinders.

John Stuart was an explorer who mapped the Flinders ranges as well as a path through the centre of Australia. The principal road from Port Augusta to Darwin is the Stuart Highway. The Small group tour of the Flinders ranges spends time learning about Stuart.

2 May 20 · 8 mins read
Read Article
rural farm with crops in paddock in Mallee

Landscape of Southern Australia from Mallee and Mulga.

Escorted small group tours for mature and senior travellers in Western Australia, Victoria, South Australia & NSW drive through former Mallee country. Article explains the iconic beginnings of Mallee and Mulga in the arid landscapes.

10 Jun 20 · 8 mins read
Read Article
Pilbara wildflowers WA

The Australian Outback: A Definitive Guide

Explore learn and consider what is the outback in this article. For mature and senior travelers considering joining a small group package tours into the outback to see, learn and explore about this unique place, not only the landscape but the Aboriginal approach to living. On each of the tours for couples and the single traveler you learn something different but fascinating, from Outback Queensland, the Flinders, Broken Hill and the Kimberley and the wildflowers all contribute to this question, what is the outback?

18 Jun 20 · 15 mins read
Read Article
The Burke and Wills Expedition, 1860-61

The Burke and Wills Expedition, 1860-61

Learn on a small group tour of central Australia for active mature or senior travellers from Broken hill about Burke and Wills ambitious expedition. Suitable for mature aged couples or solo travellers.

15 May 20 · 7 mins read
Read Article
Ochre Cliffs near Lyndhurst Outback South Australia

Ancient Aboriginal trade routes of Australia

Ancient Aboriginal trade routes of Australia Trade was a central part of life for Aboriginal people prior to the British settlement of Australia. Trading routes criss-crossed the nation, dispersing goods, information, technologies and culture thousands…

14 Feb 21 · 16 mins read
Read Article
Appreciating Australian River Systems

Appreciating Australian River Systems

Appreciating the linking of the river network into the Australian, history, culture and landscape on a small group tour for mature and senior travellers of couples or solo travellers is an integral part of understanding the continent of Australia and Aboriginal settlement.

18 Nov 20 · 9 mins read
Read Article
Australian Outback Cattle King

Australian Outback Cattle King

These mature and senior programs for couples and senior travellers explore the outback Sidney Kidman sought to tame in the Channel country to the Birdsville track, Marree and Farina. Our escorted small group tours of the Australian interior explore history, cultures and landscapes that we experience as we travel from the previous time to the contemporary.

11 Dec 20 · 8 mins read
Read Article
camels in the Australian Outback

Camels of the Australian Outback

Camels of the Australian Outback Here’s a trivia question : where are the world’s only wild single-hump (dromedary camel) camels found? If you guessed Arabia or the Sahara, you’d be wrong. In fact, the answer…

16 Jul 20 · 6 mins read
Read Article
Sturt Stony Desert

Charles Sturt and the search for the inland sea

Sturt is an iconic British explorer.From this article escorted small group tours for mature and senior travellers may join as couples or solo travellers programs that explore and share Aboriginal history, the landscapes and culture of the Australian outback with Stuart and Eyre, Burke and Wills and more.

29 Dec 21 · 7 mins read
Read Article
Pro Hart and the 'Brushmen of the Bush'

Pro Hart and the 'Brushmen of the Bush'

A group of self-taught artists from Broken Hill, Pro Hart and the 'Brushmen of the Bush' took the world by storm in the 1960s and 1970s. Escorted small group tours for active seniors who are couples or solo travellers. Explore and consider a range of tours in Australia and some of the best tours in New Zealand.

14 May 20 · 5 mins read
Read Article
Simpson Desert

The Simpson Desert, Australia

The Simpson Desert, Australia Sand dunes, desert flora, and splendid isolation: the Simpson Desert is one of the great wildernesses of outback Australia. Crossing the borders of South Australia, Queensland and the Northern Territory, the…

21 Jul 20 · 7 mins read
Read Article

Join 22,383 like-minded travellers receiving our weekly newsletter.

Special offers and promotions
A$350 AUD first trip travel voucher
The latest tours and articles