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Mongolia Small Group Tour | Discover the history and culture of Mongolia

Mongolia, while full of diverse landscapes and interesting cultures, is still relatively unexplored by tourists and travellers. The Mongolia cultural history, is a small group tour for mature-aged and senior travellers, you may be travelling as a couple or solo traveller. What is important is this tour gives you the opportunity to visit and explore this ancient land on Mongolia.

Mongolia has few cities and towns, but has extensive rural lands that remain the domain of nomadic herders. Odyssey Traveller developed this Mongolia small group tour as a new experience for the adventurous. This tour is best suited for active travellers--for those who would like to roam the outdoors, discover the history of this nation, and learn about another culture through visits and conversations with locals.

In this Mongolian small group tour, we travel through the arid desert terrains of the Gobi and the picturesque mountain and lake scenery of the Altai-Mongol Mountain chain.

About Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country, located in north-east Asia. It is sandwiched between Russia to the north and China to the south, and almost touches Kazakhstan to the west. Mongolia is deep in the interior of Asia, far from any sea, leading to a famously extreme continental climate with long cold winters and short cool-to-hot summers.

It is the least densely populated country in the world. The reason why is complex, but it owes a lot to the extreme continental climate mentioned above. Mongolia has very little arable land (or land suitable for growing crops). Three-fourths of the land consists of grassy steppe, which support immense herds of grazing livestock. The rest is divided between forests and barren deserts, with a tiny portion used for agriculture.

The prehistoric people who lived in what is now Mongolia adapted to this environment. While some agriculture was present, the dominant culture of Mongolia was pastoral nomadism. The nomads of Central Asia were the first to domesticate the horse, which they used to herd livestock from steppe to steppe in search of green pastures. In the ancient world, nomads from Mongolia roamed from what is now Romania and Bulgaria in the west to today’s Manchuria (north-eastern China). Yet, unlike agriculture, nomadism could only support small populations, meaning that Mongolia never developed the population densities of nearby China.

Even today, an estimated 25 to 40 percent of people still live as nomadic herders. Much of the sedentary population is urbanised, with the capital Ulaanbaatar comprising around 45% of the nation’s population with a population of 1.3 million.

A cultural and history tour

Only about seven nights of this 20-day program are spent in hotels. In order to immerse ourselves in the Mongolian nomadic lifestyle, many of our nights will be spent in twin-share gers, with shared toilet and bathroom facilities, and in tents furnished with camping equipment. This accommodation assignment permits the program to venture into remote locations where you can enjoy some of the country's best scenery. It also increases the possibility of seeing Mongolian wildlife. All meals are provided during the program. We travel in comfortable 4 x 4 vehicles and, when camping, have an appropriate supply vehicle and accompanied by a cook.

The contrast between ancient traditions and a 21st-century democracy is most visible in Ulaanbaatar, where traditional gers and Buddhist monasteries sit side-by-side with modern high-rises. But few of these contrasts exist once we leave Ulaanbaatar. Mongolia's natural landscape is largely unspoiled and undisturbed; a few families with their livestock and gers dot the land. Our exploratory program will visit a number of these landscapes, from the well-watered north to the arid south.

Itinerary of the Mongolia Small Group Tour

The Mongolia cultural history, small group tours for mature travellers commences with an introduction to the capital, Ulaanbaatar. After the capital, this small group educational tour heads to the forests and lake-land in the central north of Mongolia. Eventually, we end up in the Gobi with its sparse vegetation cover and stony surfaces.

In the Gobi we explore the stunning landscapes inhabited by Bactrian camels, Argali mountain sheep, goitered gazelle, Golden Eagles, Saker Falcons, jerboas (similar to kangaroo rats), and many endemic reptiles.

There will be a variety of activities during this exploration of Mongolia. The tour will visit families, explore ancient cultural relics, take walking tours in a range of forest, grassland, and desert settings, and search for interesting wildlife. Many of these activities involve walking, but each evening we return to the comforts of a ger camp or hotel.

An Odyssey Travel Tour Leader and an English-speaking Mongolian guide will accompany the tour, which is limited to 12 participants.

For more details about the Mongolia cultural history, small group tour for mature travellers , click the ‘Top 5’ or ‘Itinerary’ buttons above! If you’re keen to experience this tour, please call or send an email. Or, to book, simply fill in the form on the right hand side of this page.

Other Tours to Mongolia

This is one of three tours that Odyssey Traveller offers as a holiday or vacation experience for the mature traveller, be they a couple or solo traveller, into Mongolia. Dinosaurs of Mongolia and Mongolia and Russia on the Trans-Siberian Railway are two popular small group tours offered to those seeking a holiday or vacation with a difference.


Articles about Mongolia published by Odyssey Traveller:

For all the articles Odyssey Traveller has published for mature aged and senior travellers, click through on this link.

External articles to assist you on your visit to Mongolia:

Odyssey has more information about Mongolia you can research.

Originally published 16 May 2016

Updated 5 February 2020

Articles about Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

3 mins readAsiaMongolia

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Mongolia’s Capital of Ulaanbaatar is a city whose history is written in its landscape, architecture and people. Located at 1,350 m (4,430 ft) above sea level and close to the river Tuul, Ulaanbaatar…

Frequently Asked Questions about Mongolia

All direct flights come into Ulaanbaatar, the capital city. There are direct flights to the Mongolian capital from Beijing, Seoul, Hong Kong,Tokyo, Moscow, Berlin and Istanbul. If you are travelling from Australia or New Zealand, you will likely fly into one of these destinations first. You can also get to Ulaanbaatar on the Trans-Mongolian train from Moscow or Beijing.

Our Odyssey tour begins in Ulaanbaatar.

It depends. Some citizens, such as those from the US or Singapore, do not need to obtain a tourist visa for visits less than 30 days. A 30-day tourist visa is required for most countries, including the UK and Australia, and can be easily obtained at any Mongolian embassy or consulate. If you don’t have access to a Mongolian consulate, you can pick up a 30-day tourist visa on arrival at the airport in Ulaanbaatar. You’ll need two passport photos and a pre-approval letter from an organisation or company in Mongolia.

Mongolian food reflects the cultural tradition of nomadism. It is largely based on meat and milk and is low on spice. Key to the cuisine are the ‘five snouts’ – horses, sheep, goats, camels and yaks. The cultural importance of horses doesn’t protect them from having a key role in the Mongolian diet, and horse meat is widely available. Yak milk and yaks’ cheese are particularly key to the Mongolian diet, used in soups and curds.

Mongolia has a barbecue tradition known as khorkhog, a mutton and vegetable stew cooked for several hours over an open fire. Meat dumplings are common, though in contrast to their Chinese relatives, they’re made from thick dough and often fried. Another popular dish is tsuivan, a hearty noodle stew made with roughly cut noodles combined in stock with meat, usually mutton, vegetables, and sometimes curd made from yak’s milk.

Don’t expect to eat Mongolian Beef in Mongolia – despite the name, the recipe is believed to have been invented in China or Taiwan. Regular cows couldn’t survive the harsh Mongolian winter anyway.

PDF of Tour PDF of Reading List

Overview: Upon arrival at the Ulaanbaatar airport, we make our own way to the hotel.

In the afternoon we drive to Zaisan Memorial, built by the Russians to commemorate the fallen soldiers of World War II. This memorial features a painting depicting scenes of friendship between the Soviet people and Mongolia. Situated on one of the hills south of the city, the area provides excellent views of the capital and the surrounding countryside. There is an opportunity to walk higher up the stairs to see the mural itself and get a view of the back of the mountain, overlooking the new district of Zaisan with a backdrop of Bogd Khan National Park.

In the evening, a pre-trip briefing will be provided, followed by a welcome dinner at a local restaurant.


Accommodation: Hotel Ulaanbaatar or similar.

Overview: We begin the day with a visit to Gandan Monastery (Gandantegchinlen Monastery), the seat of Buddhism in Mongolia. The Tibetan name translates to the “Great Place of Complete Joy”. Walking through the monastery grounds, we will hear the low tones of horns used to call the lamas (monks) to the temple and observe their daily rituals, including the reading of sutras, the teachings of the Buddha.

We visit the recently-renovated Chenrezig and Kalachakra Temples, as well as the magnificent statue of Megjid Janraisig, “the lord who looks in every direction.” This statue standing 26.5 metres (about 87 feet), gilded in pure gold and clothed with silk and precious stones, completely fills one of Gandan’s temples.

After lunch we walk through the central square which attracts hundreds of people to take pictures in front of the parliament house and enjoy the sunshine. We walk to the National History Museum for an excellent overview of Mongolia’s history and culture. Here, we visit the dinosaur halls, showcasing the spectacular fossils unearthed in the Gobi.

In the evening, we sample local dishes while dining in a traditional Mongolian restaurant.


Accommodation: Hotel Ulaanbaatar or similar.

Overview: From Ulaanbaatar we travel to the beautiful Ikh Nart Nature Reserve, located about 300 kilometres southeast from the city in the eastern Gobi grassland region. Consisting of networks of granite rock mountains and hills, this area is a habitat of the elusive wild sheep where scientific research has been taking place recently. Projects taking place in the park are administered by a number of organisations including the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Denver Zoological Foundation, and the University of Vermont. The projects study the argali sheep the Siberian Ibex. We will have an opportunity to visit these project sites and acquire first-hand knowledge about their behaviour and ecology.

Accommodation will be in a rustic ger camp.

(B, L, D)

Accommodation: Ger camp

Overview: Today, we continue our journey deeper into the Gobi desert and head towards Ikh Gazryn Chuluu Nature Reserve. It is known as one of the most beautiful natural settings with granite rock formations which are unmatched in beauty in the country.


Accommodation: Ger camp

Overview: Today, we drive through some of the most amazing Gobi terrains, stopping for a picnic lunch at the wonderful Tsagaan Suvraga gorge made out of white sandstone cliffs, from where a fantastic view of the Gobi basin could be seen, with colours ranging from white and yellow to pink and deep red. We will stay overnight at a local ger camp.


Accommodation: Ger camp.

Overview: After an early morning breakfast, we will drive to the great wide basins of the Gobi Gurvan Saikhan (“three beauties”) National Park of the southern Gobi province. We will drive through the valley where the provincial capital Dalanzadgad (“Seventy Springs”) is located. After a refuelling stop there, we will continue driving to our ger camp, where we will be staying for the next two nights.


Accommodation: Ger camp.

Overview: In the morning, we will visit Yol Valley. This is a narrow gorge found within the Gobi Gurvan Saikhan and where, due to lack of direct sunlight, sheets of ice have built up by a small stream which stays frozen until as late as July. Here we will look for the elusive “yol,” or Bearded Vulture.

In the afternoon, we will drive to the legendary Flaming Cliffs, where the first dinosaur eggs the world had ever seen were discovered during the third Central Asiatic Expeditions of the American Museum of Natural History in 1923. (The expedition leader was the energetic Roy Chapman Andrews, who is often thought to have inspired Hollywood’s Indiana Jones character!)


Accommodation: Ger camp.

Overview: This morning, we drive to the towering sand dunes of Hongoryn Els (Khongoryn Els), stretching over some 160 kilometres from east to west. After climbing the sand dunes and camel riding, we stay overnight in a ger camp.


Accommodation: Ger camp.

Overview: Turning north on our expedition, we drive north to the Bayandun province of the Bayanhongor province, visiting one of the most significant caves in the country named Tsagaan Agui (White Cave) en-route. The dolomitic limestone solution cavity shapes the narrow, inclining entryway which leads to a rotunda-like main chamber, followed by at least two smaller chambers beyond. It was a dwelling during the Stone Age, and was once a Buddhist pilgrimage site.


Accommodation: Ger camp or local hotel

Overview: We will steer our wheels to the Altai city, stopping at Bon Tsagaan Lake, a scenic lake at the end of Baidrag Gol (Baidrag River). It is a site for swimming and bird-watching, as the lake is a popular stop for shore birds.

We stay overnight at a local hotel, with time to explore the town market.


Accommodation: Local hotel

Overview: We will continue on to the town of Darvi, located some 1,200 kilometres from the capital Ulaanbaatar. If we are lucky, we might have a chance to spot the Saiga antelopes. One of the little-known monuments of the 3rd century BC Hunnu Empire can be found in this area as well. We will travel under the serene view of the majestic Sutai Khairkhan (Sutai Mountain) this afternoon.


Accommodation: Tent Camp.

Overview: Continuing our journey, we will go to more remote parts of southwestern Mongolia, known as the Gobi – Trans-Altai region. We will have opportunities to visit authentic nomadic families today and enjoy their hospitality.

We will drive to the scenic Durgin Lake, staying in a small encampment set up with a local cooperative of herders. We learn about the projects they are involved in, including the preservation of saiga antelopes and snow leopards.


Accommodation: Tent Camp.

Overview: Making a day trip, we will explore one of the Jargalant mountain valleys and visit Mongolia’s best-known cave, the Tsenkher, literally translated as “blue”, and study its famed petroglyphs from the early Stone Age period.


Accommodation: Local hotel in Hovd City.

Overview: We will enter the western-most lands of Mongolia proper and reach the breathtaking Tsambagarav Mountain, one of Mongolia’s landmark peaks. Its green valley is a popular summer camping ground for the local nomads with whom we will meet and spend the night with, singing and hearing their stories.


Accommodation: Field camp.

Overview: We are entering the ethnic Kazakhs land today as we drive to the magnificent Tsengel Khairkhan Mountain – another popular summer camp for local Kazakh nomads. We will visit an eagle hunter family and learn how eagles are trained for hunting.


Accommodation: Field camp.

Overview: From Tsengel Khairkhan, we push on to visit some of western Mongolia’s most secluded and beautifully preserved lakes. Located within the Altai Tavan Bogd National Park near the Mongolian border with China are the stunning lakes of Khoton, Hurgan (Khurgan) and Dayan, creating scenery that is both rewarding and humbling.

We will drive to Syrgal to move closer to the Dayan and Hurgan Lakes.

Accommodation: Field camp

Overview: We will spend one full day exploring the local sights and sounds and spend the day leisurely. We visit some ancient Turkik stones and petroglyphs of life-size horses.


Accommodation: Field camp.

Overview: We will drive back to the town of Ulgii for our final night in western Mongolia. We will visit a local mosque and the town market.

Accommodation: Local hotel

Overview: In the morning, we will transfer to the airport for our flight (around 3 hours) back to Ulaanbaatar.

In the evening, we will enjoy a traditional Mongolian performance, followed by a farewell dinner at a local restaurant.

Accommodation: Hotel Ulaanbaatar or similar.

Overview: Our tour ends today after breakfast.


Learn about Mongolian culture and nomadic lifestyles by living amongst Mongolians.
Explore the legendary Flaming Cliffs, where the first dinosaur eggs were discovered.
Visit the Gandan Monastery (Gandantegchinlen Monastery), the seat of Buddhism in Mongolia.
Travel to the beautiful Ikh Nart Nature Reserve, where ongoing scientific projects study the argali sheep the Siberian Ibex.
See the vast Gobi Gurvan Saikhan (“three beauties”) National Park of the southern Gobi province.

What’s included in our Tour

  • All sightseeing including entrance fees.
  • Odyssey Tour Leader for the duration of the tour.
  • Internal flight and taxes.
  • Visa fees for Australian and New Zealand passport holders.
  • Service charges and gratuities.
  • Detailed tour information booklet.
  • All transportation and transfers.
  • Field trips, excursions, and led walks as indicated.
  • 20 nights of accommodation in hotels, gers, and tented camps with all meals.
  • The tour will be led by professional English-speaking Mongolian guides.

What’s not included in our Tour

  • Return economy class international airfare and departure taxes.
  • Items of a personal nature such as telephone calls and laundry.
  • Comprehensive travel insurance.
Mongolia cultural history, small group tour for mature travellers
Mongolia yurts in grassland
Mongolia cultural history, small group tour for mature travellers
mongolia horse travel
Mongolia ger yurt