Astro Boy & Osamu Tezuka
Many older Australians, Americans, New Zealanders & Canadians are likely to still remember the rousing introductory theme music for the 1960s animation Astro Boy, with some probably able to recite at least a few of the lyrics. Astro Boy, the Mighty Atom and ‘pure science fiction’ reached our black and white TV screens in 1966 much to the delight of children across Australia and beyond. The Australian TV week at that time described the show on its release as ‘a cartoon adventure series about a youngster in the 21st century.’
The Astro Boy series began as a very successful comic strip drawn by Osamu Tezuka and was introduced to Japan in the 1950s. The first animated television series to be produced in Japan, it was released in 1963 to run for three years with a total of 193 episodes. Just over one hundred of these episodes were dubbed into other languages for screening outside of Japan.
The artist and Astro Boy’s creator, Osamu Tezuka was born in Osaka in 1928 so he grew up though the war years. Trained as doctor, Osamu talents as a comic artist soon became obvious. His genius allowed him to create a multitude of works, so much so that he is referred to as the Father of Contemporary Manga. If you can picture our jetted hero Astro Boy for a moment, do you recall his large oval–shaped dark eyes? This style of eye depiction became almost the standard for many of the Japanese animation and manga (comic book) characters, or at least for the hero or heroine.
Who was Astro boy?
Perhaps a quick recap of the TV series and the Astro Boy stories will bring back some more of those childhood memories when you came in from school and settled in just in time for a speedo-wearing 100,000 horse power boy robot with incredible powers to cross your television screen in stunning monochrome.
Set in a futuristic metro city in the 21st century, the character of a Doctor Tenma (Dr Boynton), after losing is son Tobio (Toby) in a tragic car accident, attempts to recreate his lost child. Also of interest perhaps is that the car in which the Tobio died was self-driving!!!! The heart-broken doctor sees in his robot duplicate something of his son and immediately treats him as his own with love and kindness. Unfortunately, even with all the science and technology available in the 21stcentury Dr Temba was unable to create a robot that would age as a human child or kid. In his grief, Astro Boy is abandoned to a circus by the distraught creator.
Conditions in the circus for the now orphaned robot are terrible under the cruel circus owner, Hamegg (the Great Caccitore). Professor Ochanomizu (Dr Elefun) takes pity on Astro Boy and adopts him. You may remember the large nose and two side tufts of hair of the good professor. Once again our hero robot can feel he is loved, and although a machine his feelings take on a human flavour with his sense of justice foremost. His new guardian, also a brilliant scientist realises that Astro Boy is a very special robot capable of human emotion
Each episode for the rest of the series sees the Mighty Atom fighting crime with his seven super powers. His eyes can become high power laser searchlights while his hearing can be adjusted to listen in at almost any distance. These capabilities coupled with superior strength and twin machine guns that appear from his buttocks make for a formidable crime fighter. Astro is, of course, equipped with a genius level IQ along with being able to instantly translate from seven languages. Most of Astro’s encounters turn into battles with oter powerful robots that have turned on humankind. You may recall his archenemy Atlas, the giant robot that came very close to defeating our boy-robot hero on a number of occasions.