Cappadocia consists of a high plateau over 1000 m in altitude that is pierced by volcanic peaks, with Mount Erciyes being the tallest at 3916 m. Due to its inland location and high altitude, Cappadocia has a markedly continental climate, with hot dry summers and cold snowy winters. Rainfall is sparse and the region is largely semi-arid. Cappadocia includes 4 cities: Nevsehir, Kayseri, Aksaray and Nigde.
The area is a popular tourist destination, as it has many areas with unique geological, historic, and cultural features. Most popular travel photos will include an image of a hot air balloon over Pigeon valley, which is available for travelers in Goreme as part of a balloon tour.
The Cappadocia region is made from sedimentary rocks formed in lakes and streams and ignimbrite deposits that erupted from ancient volcanoes approximately 9 to 3 million years ago. The rocks of Cappadocia near Goreme eroded into hundreds of spectacular pillars. It was common for people from the Cappadocia region to live in a cave dwelling, i.e. houses, churches and monasteries built from the soft rocks of volcanic deposits, which can be seen today still. Goreme became a monastic centre in 300-1200 AD.
The first period of settlement in Goreme goes back to the Roman period. The Goreme Open Air Museum is the most visited site of the monastic communities in Cappadocia and is one of the most famous sites in central Turkey, a popular place for a hot air balloon ride. The open air museum contains more than 30 carved-from-rock churches and chapels, dating from the 9th century to the 11th century.
Tour of Cappadocia & Turkey
Odyssey Traveller conducts a tour of Cappadocia as part of our Discover Turkey escorted small group history tour during which we visit some of the most spectacular, varied, and historically important sites in the ancient world. This small group tour Turkey tour begins and ends in Istanbul, Turkey’s largest city and seaport, and the place where east meets the west on the Bosphorus strait. Discover Turkey with Odyssey on this amazing guided tour through the ancient world linking the Black sea, Egypt, Syria and Europe together on this history tour. Our tour packages are especially designed to be suitable for mature-aged and senior travelers, whether joining as a couple or as solo travelers.
You will stay 3 nights in a cave hotel in Goreme during Odyssey’s Turkey tour and the small group tour to Cappadocia, with a chance to book the Goreme hot air balloon experience, where you will have a birds eye’s view over the beautiful Goreme National Park, with its famous Goreme fairy chimneys, Goreme Valley and Goreme caves.
You will visit Goreme Open Air Museum, a vast complex of ancient ancient cave churches (including the most famous Selime Monastery) that are carved into the rocky landscape.
We also visit Love Valley, euphemistically named for its distinctive rock structures. Finally we visit Uchisar, a natural citadel full of stairs, tunnels and passages, located at the highest point in Cappadocia. The trip to the top of Uchisar Castle provides a fantastic view of the surrounding Cappadocia region.
Odyssey Traveller has been serving global travellers since 1983 with educational tours of the history, culture, and architecture of our destinations designed for mature and senior travellers. We specialise in offering small group tours partnering with a local tour guide at each destination to provide a relaxed and comfortable pace and atmosphere that sets us apart from larger tour groups. Tours consist of small groups of between 6 and 12 people and are cost inclusive of all entrances, tipping and majority of meals. For more information, click here, and head to this page to make a booking.
Articles about Turkey published by Odyssey Traveller.
For all the articles Odyssey Traveller has published for mature aged and senior travellers, click through on this link.
External articles to assist you on your visit to Turkey.