Tour of Pakistan
Join Odyssey Traveller as we travel to Pakistan, exploring the long history and colourful culture of this amazing country. This 16-day tour begins in Karachi, Pakistan's largest city, and ends in its vibrant capital, Islamabad. Our small group tour travels from the south, on the coast of the Arabian sea, and weaves north to the capital, in the foothills of the Himalayas near the Pakistani border with India. Along the way, we visit ancient ruins, medieval capitals, and Pakistan's pre-Muslim temples in Thatta, Hyderabad, Larkana, Lahore, and Peshawar. This tour is composed of leisurely drives with frequent stops to places of interest along the way, allowing us to experience and learn about various sights at our own pace. Similar to other Odyssey tours, the group will be fully escorted by an Odyssey Program Leader and various local Pakistani guides who will share their knowledge about the ancient cities and monuments we will be visiting.
A Brief History of Pakistan
The history of Pakistan, a young nation created with the partition of British India in 1947, is intertwined with the history of India and the broader Indian subcontinent. Pakistan was carved away from the rest of India by Islamic nationalists led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who believed India's Muslims would only receive just representation in Hindu-dominated India if they formed their own country.
Prior to the 1947 partition, Pakistan's history was India's history. The subcontinent was home to one of the oldest and most influential human civilisations, the Indus civilisation (also known as Harappan civilisation), an urban culture that dated from 2500 BC and declined around the 2nd millennium BC.
The most well-known period in the subcontinent's history was the rule of the Mughal Empire from the 16th to the mid-19th century. An immensely successful Muslim empire of Turkic-Mongol origin, its rulers controlled the entire subcontinent of India and reached a population of 100 million at its peak. Though a Muslim dynasty that ruled over a Hindu majority, their overall commitment to religious freedom ensured peace in the subcontinent for two centuries. Shah Jahan was an avid supporter of art and architecture, and his monuments (such as the Taj Mahal in India and his palace complex in Lahore, Pakistan) are still admired today.
The last Mughal, Bahādur Shah II, reigned from 1837 to 1857, and was exiled by the British to Myanmar for his role in the Indian Mutiny of 1857 against British rule. Several wars were fought in India at the end of the Mughal empire's reign as the subcontinent transitioned into a British colony, with the British using the reach of their Calcutta-based British East India Company and exclusive trade rights to further their control.
India became a colony in 1858. British India ended with independence in 1947. The Hindu-Muslim conflict led to a bloody civil war in the subcontinent, which led to the birth of a new nation called Pakistan ("pure land" or "land of the pure").
From 1947 to 1971, Pakistan was divided further into two: West Pakistan and East Pakistan. Following years of internal conflict, East Pakistan declared its independence in 1971 as the nation of Bangladesh, and West Pakistan became modern-day Pakistan.
This tour is designed to give travellers who are open to a unique Pakistan travel experience and adventure to have a deeper understanding of the history and culture of Pakistan. On this tour we will visit the two major cities of the Indus civilisation. Mohenjo-Daro ("Mound of the Dead Men") was built around 2500 BC, a major city contemporaneous with ancient Egypt and Minoan Crete. The original name of the city remains unknown. Harappa is second only in size to Mohenj0-Daro, and we will marvel at the level of urban planning on display in both archaeological sites. We will also visit Harappa's local railway station, notable for being built during the British era with the millennia-old bricks from Harappa.
We will have a city tour of Karachi, including a visit to the Jinnah Mausoleum, the final resting place of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and an iconic symbol of Karachi.
We continue further to the medieval capital of Thatta, later ruled by the Mughal emperors and site of incredible monuments. We visit nearby Makli Hills, one of the largest funerary sites in the world. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the necropolis covers an area of 10 square kilometres. It is home to various monumental tombs from different dynastic periods, and a site showcasing evolving funerary architecture.
We will also be visiting the mausoleums and shrine complexes of Sufi saints, which feature pre-Mughal architecture. Sufism is a mystical form of Islam that focuses on an inward search for God and tolerance. Members of the two main Muslim sects--Sunni and Shi'a--may incorporate elements of Sufism.
In Lahore, we will have a full day of sightseeing in this great Mughal city. Little is known of the city of Lahore prior to the Muslim period, but it undoubtedly reached its golden age under the Mughal dynasty when it became the place of royal residence.
The city of Peshawar (pesh awar, “frontier town”) was once the capital of the ancient Buddhist kingdom of Gandhara. We will see various Gandharan sculptures in the Peshawar Museum before proceeding to the historic Qissa Kwani Bazaar ("Storytellers' Bazaar").
Before we finish the tour in the capital city of Islamabad, we will spend time in Pakistan's Swat Valley, which has undergone an incredible transformation from a militant stronghold to a hub of tourism in Pakistan. In recent years it appeared on the news as the hometown of Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai, and is now dubbed Pakistan's Switzerland with its snow-capped peaks and steady stream of tourists. We will also be exploring lively bazaars and scenic landscapes reminiscent of the Arabian Nights.
Our small group travel in Pakistan promises to be the adventure of a lifetime.
For more details, click the ‘Top 5’ or ‘Itinerary’ buttons above! If you’re keen to experience this tour, please call or send an email. Or, to book, simply fill in the form on the right-hand side of this page.
Articles published by Odyssey Traveller to assist you on your visit to Pakistan
The following list of articles published by Odyssey Traveller for mature aged and senior travellers to maximise their knowledge and enjoyment of Pakistan when visiting:
- The Making of the Mughal Empire
- History of British Rule in India (1750-1820)
- The Clash of the Mughals and the Marathas
External Articles to assist you on your visit to Pakistan
- How to Plan Your First Trip to Pakistan (AFAR)
- Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation
- Pakistan Climate (US Library of Congress)
Other Odyssey Tours
The following tours may also be of interest:
Overview: We arrive in Karachi, Pakistan’s largest city, and make our own way to our accommodation. You will meet as a group with your Odyssey Program Leader for a tour briefing, followed by a welcome dinner.
Overview: After breakfast, we begin our sightseeing tour of Karachi. Karachi in southern Pakistan is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea and is the country’s principal seaport. It is also a major commercial and industrial centre. Today we will be visiting:
Masjid e Tooba, a 20th century mosque constructed in 1966
Jinnah Mausoleum, the final resting place of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, and an iconic symbol of Karachi
Gandhara Art Gallery, showcasing art from Pakistan’s pioneering and next generation of modern artist
We will also be visiting the Empress Market, constructed during British rule in India and named to commemorate Queen Victoria, the then Empress of India. In seaside Clifton, we will visit the luxurious Mohatta Palace, summer home of Shivratan Chandraratan Mohatta, a Hindu businessman who had to return to his native India when the nation of Pakistan was created. It was formally turned into a museum in 1999.
During the tour we break for lunch at a local restaurant and have our dinner at the hotel.
Overview: After breakfast, we depart for Hyderabad, which in modern times has become an international hub for information technology. En route from Karachi, we will stop at Chaukundi to view an early Islamic cemetery and admire the tombs’ unique sandstone carvings.
We continue on and go a bit off-road to visit the ancient port ruins of Bhambore, which some historians believe was where the ships of Alexander the Great docked on the Indus river.
We continue further to the medieval capital of Thatta, later ruled by the Mughal emperors of Delhi and site of incredible monuments. We visit nearby Makli Hills, one of the largest funerary sites in the world. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the necropolis covers an area of 10 square kilometres. It is home to various monumental tombs from different dynastic periods, and a site showcasing evolving funerary architecture.
We proceed to Hyderabad and transfer to our accommodation.
Accommodation: Hotel Indus or similar
Overview: After breakfast at our hotel, we will have an early morning departure for Larkana, which is irrigated by canals and occupies a fertile plain known as the “Garden of Sindh”, producing sugarcane and fruits such as guavas and mangoes.
Along the way, we stop at Hala, home of artisans and famous for its handcrafted and hand-painted pottery. We shall visit a local pottery store and if time permits we can watch artisans create and decorate pottery in a workshop.
We continue to Bhit Shah, a small town which houses the shrine of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, after whom the town is named. Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai was a Sufi scholar and poet, and his richly decorated shrine complex is considered among the most important in Sindh, attracting half a million visitors during the annual March Urs festival (death festival).
We drive along the right bank of the Indus river to reach Sehwan, and visit the mausoleum of the Sufi saint Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, revered by both Muslims and Hindus as he preached love and tolerance for people of all religions.
After having lunch at a local restaurant, we proceed to Larkana, arriving in the late afternoon or evening.
Accommodation: Hotel Sambara Inn or similar
Overview: We depart for Mohenjo-Daro (“Mound of the Dead Men”), built around 2500 BC, and marvel at the level of urban planning in this ancient city. Now an archaeological site and UNESCO World Heritage Site, Mohenjo-Daro was once one of the largest settlements in the Indus Valley, a major city contemporaneous with ancient Egypt and Minoan Crete. The original name of the city remains unknown.
We will also visit the ancient city’s site museum, to see the collection of preserved toys, pottery, and jewelry.
We continue on to Bhawalpur, where we will stay for the night.
Accommodation: Hotel One or similar
Overview: This morning we depart for Multan. This is a shorter drive, and upon arrival we transfer to our hotel and have lunch at a local restaurant.
Multan is one of the oldest cities in South Asia and derives its name from that of the idol of the sun god temple, a shrine from the city’s pre-Muslim period. The city has been ruled by various powers throughout the centuries–Alexander the Great, the Delhi sultanate, the Mughal Empire, the British, among others–and is now famous for numerous shrines and monuments within the old city.
Today we visit the mausoleum of Sufi saint Shah Rukn-e-Alam (“Pillar of the World”), a revered place of pilgrimage in South Asia. The ornately decorated 14th century tomb was built in the pre-Mughal architectural style and is a sight to behold. It was also built on a slope, an excellent vantage point for us to view Multan (and take photos!) in the afternoon light.
We will also be visiting the mausoleum of the Sufi saint’s grandfather and spiritual mentor, Bahauddin Zakariya, and that of Afghan Islamic saint Shah Yousuf Gardezi, as well as the colourful local bazaar.
Overview: Today we shall be travelling from Multan to Lahore, Pakistan’s second largest city.
En route, we stop at Harappa, site of an ancient city of the Indus civilisation, second in size only to Mohenjo-Daro, which we have visited on Day 5.
We will also visit the local railway station, notable for being built during the British era with the millennia-old bricks from Harappa.
We will travel to Faisalabad town for lunch at a local restaurant, before transferring to our hotel in Lahore, where we will stay for the night.
Overview: Today we will have a full day of sightseeing in the great Mughal City of Lahore. Little is known of the city of Lahore prior to the Muslim period, but it undoubtedly reached its golden age under the Mughal dynasty when it became the place of royal residence.
We will be seeing the following great sights:
Lahore Museum, which houses the sculpture of the famous Fasting Buddha, a masterpiece dating from the Gandhara period, referring to the Buddhist kingdom and historical region in what is now Peshawar (which we shall visit on Day 12!)
Badshahi Mosque, built by Emperor Aurangzeb in 1671 and the largest mosque of the Mughal era
Lahore Fort, citadel located in the northern end of the Walled City of Lahore and which contains monuments spread over 20 hectares, including the quadrangle of Shah Jahan built in luxurious marble
Shalimar Gardens, a Mughal-era garden complex designed as an earthly utopia
Later we return to the Walled City to view the Golden Mosque and Wazir Khan mosque. Lunch and dinner will be at a local restaurant.
Overview: Today we will be driving for around six hours from Lahore to Islamabad. Upon arrival, the rest of the day can be spent at our leisure.
Overview: This is another free day to refresh ourselves after several days of sightseeing. Take this time to relax or explore Pakistan’s capital city!
Overview: Today we depart from Islamabad to Peshawar. Along the way we stop at the Taxila archeological site which dates to the 6th century BC, the time of Cyrus the Great and the Achaemenid Empire (First Persian Empire). This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with ruins showing remains, among others, of a Greco-Bactrian city (Sirkap) and a 2nd century Buddhist monastery (Jaulian).
We proceed to Peshawar and transfer to our hotel for the night.
Overview: The city of Peshawar (pesh awar, “frontier town”) was once the capital of the ancient Buddhist kingdom of Gandhara. We will see various Gandharan sculptures in the Peshawar Museum before proceeding to the historic Qissa Kwani Bazaar (“Storytellers’ Bazaar”), the Jewellery Bazaar, and the 17th century Mohabbat Khan Mosque, a stunning mosque finished in white marble.
Overview: Today we will departing for Swat Valley, stopping en route at the Takht-i-Bahi (“throne of the water spring”), an Indo-Parthian archaeological site of an ancient Buddhist monastery. Located in the higher reaches of Mardan province, the monastery survived foreign attack and is still well-preserved. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. We will also stop at Malakand Pass, a mountain pass that offers a view of our destination, the Swat Valley. In the Swat Valley, we transfer to our hotel for the night.
Overview: Pakistan’s Swat Valley has undergone an incredible transformation from a militant stronghold to a tourism hub. In recent years it appeared on the news as the hometown of Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai, and is now dubbed Pakistan’s Switzerland with its snow-capped mountains and steady stream of tourists. Today we will take a morning drive to the Upper Swat Valley to see the beautiful villages of Madyan and Bharin, and in the afternoon visit the Swat Museum and Mingora Bazaar.
Overview: Today we will travel from the Swat Valley to Islamabad, with time for some sightseeing in the capital city, visiting the Folk Heritage Museum, the Shakarparian hills with its beautiful terraced garden, and the Faisal Mosque.
The rest of the day can be spent at leisure as we prepare for our departure tomorrow. In the evening, we will meet again as a group for our farewell dinner.
Overview: Our tour and services end after breakfast.
What’s included in our Tour
- 15 nights of hotel accommodation.
- 15 breakfasts, 15 lunches and 15 dinners.
- Applicable entry fees and services of local guides.
- Touring by comfortable and modern coach.
- Field trips as indicated.
- Gratuities and necessary tips.
- Services of an Odyssey program leader.
- Detailed tour information booklet.
What’s not included in our Tour
- Return international airfare and departure taxes.
- Comprehensive international travel insurance.
- Items of a personal nature such as telephone calls and laundry.
- Meals not specified in the itinerary.